In 2019, the Triple E-class container ship with capacity of more than 18 thousand TEU will flow from Rotterdam to Shanghai on a biofuel blend.
It is supposed that the ship of the international carrier Maersk for the first time in the world will cross the distance of 25 thousand nautical miles on alternative fuels, saving 1.5 million kg of CO2 and 20,000 kg of sulfur, reports rupec.ru.
"CO2 savings only in this trip is equivalent to the annual CO2 emissions by more than 200 households per year or 12 million kilometers driven by a car," the company said.
The mix will consist of 20% of second generation biofuels. The biofuel used in this experiment is made from processed vegetable oil. Biofuels are certified by ISCC.
Permitted sulfur content in marine fuel is determined by the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL). Since 2010, MARPOL has lowered the permissible content of sulfur in bunker fuels used in the ECA from 1.5 to 1%, and since 2015 the permissible concentration has dropped to 0.1%. For other regions, the limiting concentration has been reduced from 4.5 to 3.5% in 2011, and from the beginning of 2020 the permissible sulfur content will be 0.5%.
To meet the new environmental requirements, shipowners will either have to reduce the sulfur content of fuel, using alternative fuels or equipping vessels with sulfur traps. "Biofuels are one of the possible solutions for decarbonising maritime transport in the short to medium term," said AP Moller-Maersk, chief operating officer Soren Toft, "With this project, we will be able to learn more about its use and assess the prospects for implementation."
A group of Dutch multinational corporations - FrieslandCampina, Heineken, Philips, DSM, Shell and Unilever - all members of the Dutch Coalition for Sustainable Development (DSGC) are joining their efforts with Maersk on a significant trip to Europe on biofuels from China. DSGC members sponsor a pilot project, and Shell acts as a supplier of fuel.
The trip will begin in March and will last until June 2019.
"To achieve our clean zero CO2 target by 2050, we need to make significant strides in the next 10 years," said Soren Toft, "and they need to do it together - inviting us to join our efforts, because the journey only begins."
According to the company, shipping currently accounts for 3% of the total amount of global CO2 emissions, and by 2050 they will grow to 15%.